Minimalism is one of the most important movements of the 20th and 21st centuries across art, architecture and music. It draws inspiration from Japan’s Zen philosophy, which values simplicity as a means to achieve inner freedom. Minimalist architecture also finds roots in the De Stijl and Bauhaus’ styles, which combined abstraction and simplicity with functional designs.

More and more people are embracing minimalism in their house designs. But even though minimalism denotes simplicity, pulling off an effective minimalist design is hard to achieve. Take note of the following characteristics that make your client’s space simple and well-designed.

Simple in Form and Function

In a minimalist house, function takes precedence. Architects come up with an effective design using as few items as possible yet creating as much value as possible. This usually means stripping down the design to what is essential to the client’s needs.

As a result, a minimalist house’s design is straight, clean, and simplistic. The house’s exteriors have large and uniform walls and windows covering large surfaces. A minimalist house also replicates simple geometric features like cubes or rectangular prisms to bring character to the house.

Furniture and other furnishings are usually incorporated into the design of the house to avoid unnecessary obstacles. For example, cavity sliding doors are used instead of their hinged counterparts to minimise the use of space. Another example is incorporating storage spaces in the stairs.

Use of Clean, Open Spaces

Spacious rooms are an important element in minimalist houses since space interacts with the objects and defines the look. An open area allows free and easy movement between spaces and lessens the time spent in keeping the home clean.

A minimalist house is usually designed to have plenty of windows and high ceilings. This ensures that an abundance of light will pour into the building. The light from the windows adds ambience to the room, helping the house feel warm and cosy.

Simple Colour Palette

Minimalist bedroom design

Simplicity manifests itself in the colour palette of minimalist houses. Although black, white and grey are commonly used, designers can also adopt beige tones. If clients want to introduce colour, have them stick to solid pigments that are easy on the eyes, such as blues, tans and greens.

Strategic Use of Textures

A minimalist house with a neutral palette does not have to be boring. Mixing different textures from metal, glass, concrete and stainless steel adds more character to the room. For example, installing grain tiles adds visual interest to a purely white bathroom. Inscribing wavy patterns and adding shaped pillars also brings a grey wall to life. Just make sure not to mix too many materials, so as not to bring confusion.

This use of textures also applies to the façade of the house. The exterior could use wood or PVC cladding, but adding joints to break up the smooth surface gives the house a more interesting look.

The simplicity that minimalism brings is what makes it a popular design for houses. By focusing over function, open spaces, use of textures and a neutral colour palette, you can achieve an effective minimalist house design without making it dull.